Ramadhaan – A Date with Dr. Zakir
Eid ul Fitr
(Duration – 45 minutes)
Yusuf Chambers: Dear Brothers and sisters in Islam and Humanity, Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh. May the peace, the mercy and the blessings of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) be on all of you. Welcome to the show ‘Ramadhaan- A Date with Dr. Zakir.’ I am your host, Yusuf Chambers, and today we will be discussing the topic ‘Eid ul Fitr’. Dr Zakir, Assalamu Alaikum!
Dr. Zakir: Walaikum Assalam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.
Yusuf Chambers: Well, Dr. Zakir, yesterday we discussed the topic Zakaat ul Fitr and we had some very interesting discussion about the subject and some questions from our viewers and today we need to move on Eid…Eid-ul-Fitr which is a wonderful celebration for the Muslims but I would very much like you now to define the term Eid.
Dr. Zakir: Alhamdulillah was salaatu was salaam ala rasoolillah wa ala aalihi wa ashaabihi wa ajma’een. Amaa Ba’ad
A’uzu billahi minash shaytan nir-rajeem,
Bismillah hirrahman nirraheem,
Rabbish rahli Şadri Wa Yassir Li 'Amri Wa Ahlul `Uqdatan Min Lisani Yafqahu Qawli
The word ‘Eid’ means something which is habitual, it also means to return, it also means to repeat, in short Eid means, it is a recurring event and it can also be used for a particular place which people visit periodically, it can also mean a time period where a particular act is done regularly, the plural of Eid is Ayaad it is a day of gathering. The ‘Eid’ is derived from the Arabic word ‘Ada’ which means to return and people return this event every year, that’s Eid.
And Ibn ul Arbi, he says that the reason Eid is called because it returns back happiness every year and the word Eid, some people say is also derived from ‘Ada’ which means a custom which means tradition so people accustomed to celebrating Eid therefore the word Eid is there.
According to Musnad Ahmad Vol. no. 3 Hadith no. 12006, Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) one day enters the city of Madinah and before in the days of Jahiliyah, in the days of ignorance, the people of Madinah used to celebrate 2 days of sports and amusement. One was the day of Nerus which was, the New Year; the other was the day of Maharajan which was the final day of the year. So Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) says that
“You people in the days of Jahiliyah used to celebrate 2 days with sports and amusements now Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) replaced it with 2 better days, the day of Nahr i.e. the day of sacrifice and the day of Fitr i.e. the day of breaking.”
Indicating the Eidain, the 2 Eid we have Eid-ul-ada, and the Eid-ul-Fitr they are replaced with the previous days of Jahiliyah. So here we cone to know that Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has replaced the days of Jahiliyah where people used to enjoy with play and amusement with days that are better days of sacrifice, the day of forgiveness etc. which is much better for them for this world as well as for the Aakhira.
Yusuf Chambers: Okay JazakAllah Khair. Dr. Zakir, In the morning of the Eid it’s a requirements for the Muslims to go out and do the Eid prayer. Could you explain for the benefit of… to myself and the viewers one of the rulings regarding the Eid prayer?
Dr. Zakir: As far as the prayer for Eid is concerned our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) is concerned, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in
Sahih Muslim Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Fasting Hadith no. 2534
Abu Hurraira (may Allah be pleased with him), he said that the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), he said that fasting is prohibited on 2 days on Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha that means the 2 days of Eid, Eid-ul-Fitr i.e. breaking of the fast any day of Adha i.e. the Eid ay of sacrifice. These 2 days are prohibited so no one can fast on these 2 days.
As far as the ruling is concerned about the Salaah of Eid-ul-Fitr, there are difference of opinion amongst he scholars and the difference schools of thought, according to Imam Shafi and Imam Malik, the Shafis and the Malakis, they say that the Eid Salaah is a Sunnat-e-Muakada, it is a very important Sunnah known as Mustahab based on the Hadith that there was a Bedouin who comes and says that Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has not made compulsory any Salaah other than the 5 prescribed Salaah which is mentioned in Mughni Vol. no. 2 Page no. 223
So based on this Hadith that no other, salaah is compulsory besides the 5 times prescribed Salaah.
They say that this Salaah of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha, it is Sunnat-e-Muakada.
According to the Hambali school of thought, the Hambalis, they say it is Farz-e-Khifaaya that means it is a Fard as long as some people in the community to do it, it’s enough, its not Fard on every individual, Farz-e-Khifaaya
and the third ruling according to Abu Hanifa (may Allah have mercy on him) he said that it is Fard, it is Waajib and this view is also of Shaikh Ibn Tamiyah that praying Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha Salaah, it is Fard and the ruling is based on the verse of the Quran of
Surah Kawthar ch. no. 108 verse no. 2 which says
“Inna a’tayna kal kawthar
Fasalli lirabbika wainhar”
“Fasalli lirabbika wainhar”
“And turn to your Lord in prayer and sacrifice.”
So it indicates that you have to offer the Eid Salaah of Eid-ul-Adha and then sacrifice. So based on this verse they say it is compulsory to offer the Eid Salaah and there are various other Sahih Hadith in which Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) has commanded the Muslims that they should offer Salaah not only to the general Muslims even to the women who are menstruating, he said go for Eid Salaah even if you don’t have to offer Salaah.
He said the veiled women even the virgin whether they are young or matured, they should go for Eid Salaah and the menstruating women, even if they can’t offer, they should at least go to the Mussallah.
Its mentioned in Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 351 as well as Hadith no. 324 and various other Hadiths, the Prophet even said that even the children should go.
And based on these Hadith Imam Abu Hanifa (may Allah have mercy on him) and Shaikh Ibn Taimiyah (may Allah have mercy on him too) they said that offering Salaah is Fard, there is one more Hadith in
Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1068 where the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that
“We have 2 Eids together i.e. Eid-ul-Fitr and the Jummah Salaah, even Jummah is supposed to be a weekly Eid, so he says after offering the Eid-ul- Fitr Salaah, he says that those who do not want to offer Jummah Salaah may not do it if they don’t want to but we will offer Jummah Salaah.”
Indicating that because you offered Eid-ul-Fitr, Jummah Salaah which is more important than the 5 prescribed Salaah, here Prophet said if you offer Eid-ul-Fitr in congregation, Jummah Salaah may not be offered that day but natural, they have to offer the normal Zuhar Salaah so this surely indicates that Eid-ul-Fitr is a Farz Salaah and I agree with the view of Imam Abu Hanifa (may Allah have mercy on him) as well as Shaikh Ibn Taimiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) too.
Yusuf Chambers: Aameen, InshaAllah. And of course it’s such a wonderful opportunity for the Muslims to gather and feel good about themselves and we need lots of opportunities to feel good about ourselves right now, InshaAllah. Dr. Zakir could you explain when the Eid prayer is first allowed to be prayed early in the morning and when is the last time, it can be prayed?
Dr. Zakir: As far as the timing for the Eid Salaah is concerned, it can be prayed anytime after the sun rises approximately 3 meters above the Horizon till it reaches the meridian and majority of the scholars, they say that once the sun rises about the height of a sphere, above the horizon that has to be with naked eye but natural and till the time it reaches the zenith, you can offer the prayer in between this. So before it reaches the zenith, is the last time and earliest time is after it reaches horizon above the height of the horizon.
The Hadith in Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1131
“Abdullah Ibn Basar, he was one of the companions of the Prophet. He one day goes to offer Salaah during the day of breaking of the fast or the day of sacrifice to offer the Eid Salaah. And he disliked that the Imam that he delayed in offering the Eid Salaah and he said at the time of the Prophet, at our times, by this time prayer used to end. That’s in the forenoon”
So praying early is preferable in the forenoon and according to Ibn Kudama who writes in his book Al Mughni in Vol. no. 2 Page no. 224, he says that
“As far as Edi-ul-Ada is concerned, Eid of sacrifice it should be prayed as early as possible, after the sun rises, after one sphere of heights in the horizon, it should be prayed as early as possible because people have to go back home and they have to sacrifice then later on they have to cook the food so that you know they can have the meat of the sacrifice by afternoon.”
And as far as the Salaah for Eid-ul-Fitr is concerned, it should be delayed so that people can give Zakaat-ul-Fitr to those who are suppose finish it as the Prophet said that give Zakaat ul Fitr before the Eid Salaah.
So it’s preferable to delay the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah. So this is the ruling as far as the timing of the Eid Salaah is concerned.
Yusuf Chambers: JazakAllah Khair for the answer Dr. Zakir could you explain to me what is the authentic method for performing the Eid prayer and perhaps you would give us a short description for the benefit of the viewers watching today?
Dr. Zakir: As far as Eid Salaah is concerned, there are different types of Muslims pray and there is difference of opinion but as far as you go across authentic sources, the Qur’an and the Sahih Hadith then you have one common method and according to the authentic sources of all the Sahih Hadith if you collect, you come to know that as far as the Eid Salaah is concerned whether it be Eid ul Fitr or Eid ul Adha, we have to offer 2 Salaah, 2 Rakaat Salaah, 2 units of Salaah.
It’s mentioned in the Hadith of Sunan Baihaqi Vol. no. 3 Book of Jummuah Salaah Hadith no. 5719
“Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) Radiallahu anhu, he said that the travelers prayer is 2 Rakaat, the Adha prayer is 2 Rakaat, talking about the Eid ul Adha and the Jummuah praer is2 Rakaat. This is the full-length of all these prayers as it came from the Messenger of Allah that means Eid Salaah should be 2 Rakaat.”
Point no. 2 that before Eid Salaah there is no Adhaan and there is no Iqamah, it’s mentioned in
Sahih Muslim Vol. no. 21 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1929
Jabbir Ibn Samura, he said that he prayed along with the Messenger of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) both the Eids on more than one or 2 occasions and there was no Adhaan and there was no Iqamah.
That means for Eid Salaah there should be no Adhaan and no Iqaamah. It’s different than the normal congregation Salaah.
Point no. 3 that there is no Salaah before the Eid Salaah and after the Eid Salaah.
There is no 2 Rakaat Sunnah before or after that and its mentioned in the Hadith of
Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 1 Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1155 where
:Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) he says that the Prophet came out to pray the Eid Salaah on Eid ul Fitr day and he offered 2 Rakaat and before that and after that he did not pray.”
That means even after the Eid salaah there are no Sunnah prayers.
Further point no. 4 when a person starts the Eid Salaah, he should say the Takbeer-Al-Ihram that’s Allahu Akbar and then says the open supplication this is followed by 7 Takbeer in the first Rakaat and in the second Rakaat he should say 5 Takbeer, this we come to know from the authentic sources of
Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1145 and 1146 where Hazrat Aisha Radiallahu anha (may Allah be pleased with her) she says that the Prophet when he used to offer the Eid ul Fitr Salaah and the Eid ul Adha Salaah that means Salaah of both the Eids, he used to say 7 Takbeer in the first Rakaat and 5 Takbeer in the second Rakaat.
This is the authentic way of Eid Salaah after that a person should say
“‘A'uzu billahi min ash shaitanir rajim Bismillah hir-rahmanir-rahim’”
“I seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the accursed and in the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.”
And then he should recite Surah Fathia and after Surah Fathia in the first Rakaat recite Surah Qaaf ch. no. 50 followed by in the second Rakaat Surah Qamar ch. no. 54 or in the first Rakaat he can recite Surah A’ala ch. no. 87 and second Rakaat Surah Gashiyah ch. no. 88 both these types of 1st and 2nd Rakaat have been proven from authentic Hadith but even if a person recites any other Surah, any other verse of the Quran, the Salaah will be accepted, these are the recommended ones, it is Sunnah which the Prophet recited.
Furthermore after the Eid Salaah there is a Khutba of the Eid Salaah, it’s mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 962
Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said that he has offered Eid Salaah with the messenger of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala), Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) with Abu Bakr, with Umar, with Uthman (may Allah be pleased with them all) and all of them, they offered the Eid Salaah first then was followed by the Khutba, all of them they gave the Khutba after offering the Eid Salaah.
It’s further mentioned in Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1151, Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) after offering Eid Salaah and before starting the Khutba of Eid he said that all those who want to listen to the Khutba can listen to the Khutba, all those who want to go, they can go.
Now here there is very important point, most of the times you find in the Khutba of Eid Salaah, most of the Imam say that don’t get up, it is wrong and they prevent them from going and they say that you will have a sin and they say many things, its Haraam to get up etc. imagine the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) when he gave the Khutba, he said if you want to listen, you can listen, if you want to go, you can go. Does it mean that the Imaam the Khutba that he gives today is more important than the Khutba of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), it’s a pity, it’s a Sahih Hadith says that Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said if you want to hear the Khutba you can hear, if you want, you can go.
But it’s preferable to hear the Khutba but the Prophet gave permission if tehy7 want they can go.
And further it’s mentioned in Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1068, the Prophet said that
“Both the Eids have synchronized, the Eid ul Fitr and the Friday, Friday is called as a weekly Eid, so those who do not want to offer the Jummah Salaah may not do it because the Eid Salaah in congregation is sufficient but we will offer the Jummuah Salaah that means imagine the Eid prayer is so important in the congregation so if it falls in the same day Eid Salaah is sufficient, Jumah Salaah may not be prayed, if you pray it is good, Alhamdulillah. But those who don’t pray Jummuah Salaah then it is compulsory that they pray Zuhar Salaah”
This was in short regarding the authentic way of offering the Eid Salaah.
Yusuf Chambers: Okay, well JazakAllah Khair. Dr. Zakir, I am sure there is a lot of light on the absolute authentic method as you say that there are many different people out there doing different things and it would be nice for us to what the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) has recommended us to do indeed, InshaAllah. Dr. Zakir could you explain the importance of women attending the Eid prayer, please?
Dr. Zakir: As far as Eid Salaah is concerned, it’s compulsory for all the men to attend and even the children including the women irrespective whether they are young or the old, whether they are young or the old even if they are menstruating, the Prophet said that they should attend even though they don’t have to offer Salaah, they have to attend. And there are various ahadith which speak about this. It’s mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 351 that
Umme Attiya (may Allah be pleased with her), she said that we were commanded, we were ordered that all the women even the menstruating women and the veiled women, they should go for Eid Salaah even though the menstruating women should keep away from Musallaah” that means they should not offer Salaah, yet they should go and when one lady, one woman asked the Prophet that “O Prophet what if a woman does not have a veil?” so the Prophet replied “she should share the veil of her companion.” That means she should borrow the veil from her companion even though she is not veiled she should borrow it is that important to attend the Eid congregation and Umme Attiya continues and says that, may Allah be pleased with her) that you are asked at least to attend the gathering and the invocation, you know, those menstruating women who cannot pray at least they should attend the invocation an d the gathering. It’s further mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 975, Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) he said that when he was a young boy, he went with the Prophet for the Eid Salaah and he says, he doesn’t remember whether Eid-ul-Adha or Eid-ul-Fitr and after the Salaah the Prophet gave the sermon and then he addressed the women and he preached to them and he said that they should give alms, they should give charity.
Its further mentioned in Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Menses Hadith no. 324 that Hafsa (may Allah be pleased with her) she says that we did not allow our virgin women to go for Eid Salaah and she continues then a lady comes and she says that my sister was the wife of one of the companions of the Prophet and we used to attend to the soldiers during the fights in the battlefield and she continues and the Prophet said that the menstruating women and the veiled women should go for Eid Salaah and if she does not have a veil, she should borrow the veil from her companion later on Umme Attiya (may Allah be pleased with her) she enters so she asked her that have you heard so and so, so and so thing? So she said yes, that’s what the Prophet said. Even the menstruating women and the matured virgin women and the young virgin women and the married women, they should go for Eid Salaah and if the veiled women does not have a veil, she should borrow the veil from her companion.
So Hafsa (may Allah be pleased with her) asks “menstruating women!” She said “yes! Don’t they go at the Arafa? So they can go to.. they can go for invocation, they can for to attend the gathering though they don’t have to offer Salaah.”
Its mentioned in Musannaf Ibn Shaibah Vol. no. 2 Hadith no. 5786 that Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), he used to take complete of his family for the Eid Salaah as much as of his family that he can take, he’ll take for the Eid Salaah.
So this shows that the women, they should go for the Eid Salaah even if they are menstruating, they cannot offer Salaah at least for the gathering and for the invocation.
Yusuf Chambers: Okay, thank you Doctor. Ahmm… now the next question basically what is the whole purpose of the Eid Salaah?
Dr. Zakir: As far as the purpose of the Eid Salaah is that Allah makes that Allah makes it on us that we should make our social lifestyle that it should be seen that we believe in God consciousness, we believe in Taqwa. And the best example that we have s the 5 times daily congregation Salaah. Muslims gather together and we show the Taqwa that we should have that God Consciousness, people are aware of it, it’s seen in our social life, the bigger gathering is the Jummah Salaah and the biggest local gathering is the 2 Eid Salaah and the largest annual gathering in the full world is the Hajj gathering.
In Hajj gathering people from different part of the world gather but the local largest 2 gatherings are the 2 Salaah for Eidain, that’s the purpose and secondly the bigger gathering that we have, it shows our strength, we get introduced to Muslims and our love to Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) our servitude. That’s the reason Prophet said you should go to the Eidga so that there should be one big gathering rather than multiple small gatherings so the people will come to know the strength of the Muslims and it boosts up the morals of the Muslims. “O I didn’t know that in 2 small regions, 50,000 Muslims!” and for the non-believers, they will think 10 times before making mischief. “50,000 Muslims!” the will think 10 times, they will think 1000 times before making mischief. So these also work on the same psychology and I feel that that’s very important and that’s the reason even the children, even the menstruating women should go even if they cannot offer Salaah so that the gathering is bigger and it’s good, the unity of the Muslim Ummah is shown.
Yusuf Chambers: That’s very beautiful to see the Muslims in such large gatherings and on the day on Eid gathering, it’s beautiful. In London we have huge gatherings in Central Mosque, I am sure you may have been there.
Dr. Zakir: I have been there several times.
Yusuf Chambers: What is the inner position of a person who misses the congregational Eid Salaah. What should he or she do in this case?
Dr. Zakir: If a person misses Eid Salaah then he should offer the Eid Salaah and there is a chapter mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah ch. no. 25 the heading is ‘if one misses the Eid congregation what should he do?’
And it says that it gives a reference of Anas Bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that he tells his slave that get all the family members and he goes and then he offers the Eid Salaah in the congregation. So all those who missed the Salaah whether men, women then they should offer it as soon as possible and they can do it the same way the way it was done earlier.
And further it’s mentioned in Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 1 in the Book of Salaah Hadith no. 1153
There were a few people who came to the Prophet (peace be upon him), they came riding and they said that yesterday we had seen the new moon. So the Prophet commanded that break your fast and offer your Salaah tomorrow.
That means at the time where the Prophet was living, people hadn’t seen the moon so they continued fasting the 30th day then some people come and give the Shahadah that they had seen the moon yesterday, the Prophet immediately says that break the fast because you cannot fast on the Eid day but since the time for Eid Salaah is gone offer Eid Salaah tomorrow. That means if for certain reason, if it is a genuine reason, where Eid Salaah could not be offered so he can even offer for the next day. So this is the ruling if a person misses his Salaah.
Yusuf Chambers: Dr. Zakir, how should the Muslims greet each other on the Eid day and furthermore are they allowed to say Eid Mubarak?
Dr. Zakir: As far as greeting one another it is recommended in the Sunnah that Muslims should greet each other on the Eid day because it is the day of festival etc. and according to
Fath Al Bari Vol. no. 2 Page no. 446, the Sahabas, the companions of the Prophet whenever they met each other during Eid day, they used to wish each other by saying
“Takkabal Allahu min wa Minakum”
Meaning May Allah accept it form us and you.
Because Ramadhaan is the month of fasting where people supplicate, they repent to Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala), they ask for forgiveness, they do Duas so when the month is over, they pray that may Allah accept from us and from you.
That’s the best and the authentic way of wishing each other.
As far as saying Eid Mubarak, it is said more in India and Pakistan, it’s a way of wishing each other congratulations. Mubarak means a thing of blessings, so Eid Mubarak means may it be a day of blessing but its more used as saying congratulations so it is not a Sunnah to wish each other Eid Mubarak but neither is it Haraam or Makrooh, it will come in Muba category, optional because when you say something in English, you know, that may be a blessing on you that; no problem so it is optional but the right way of wishing each other is as the Sahabas did “Takkabal Allahu min wa Minakum” meaning may Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) accept from us and you.
Yusuf Chambers: Okay JazakAllah Khair. Next question Dr. Zakir is ahm.. could you explain what the recommended acts are on the day of Eid?
Dr. Zakir: On the day of Eid the first thing is that you should have Ghusl. It’s mentioned in
Muwatta Page 240 Hadith no. 428 Nafee narrates (may Allah be pleased with him) that
Abdullah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), he used to have a bath, he used to have Ghusl before proceeding for the Eid Salaah so it’s a Sunnah that you have to have a bath before going to the Musallah for the Eid Salaah.
No. 2 is that its also a Sunnah that you should wear good clothes, adorn yourself, you should beautify yourself, you can wear new clothes, you can put kohl in our eyes, put oil in the hair, you can wear perfume but natural all these things are for men, the women are not recommended to wear perfume and adorn themselves when thy go out but natural they should be in Hijaab, they should be veiled. Just talking about the men.
Point no. 3 is that the Prophet always had dates before he left his house for offering the Eid Salaah, its mentioned in the Hadith of
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 953, “The Prophet ate dates before he left the house for offering the Eid Salaah”
And the 4th act is that the Eid Salaah should be offered on a Musslaah, in a place may be on a big ground, may be in the town in the outskirts of a town where all the people can gather in one place.
It’s mentioned in the Hadith of
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 956, Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) on Eid Day he went to the Musallah and he offered the Salaah. And offering Eid Salaah on a Musallah is a Sunnah rather than in a Mosque though the Prophet’s Hadith is there which is mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 (Book of praying in Haramain) the superiority of praying in Haramain, Makkah and Madinah, Hadith no. 1190, the Prophet said praying in my mosque i.e. praying in Masjid-e-Nabvi is better than offering thousand times Salaah anywhere else except in Masjid-e-Haram, that’s Makkah but yet for the Eid Salaah the Prophet preferred leaving his own Mosque and going to the Eidga, going to the Musallah.
That means during Eid specifically praying there is preferable even than the Mosques and even Masjid-e-Nabvi. So this is the importance of praying in the Musallah.
Furthermore it’s mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 986, it says that
Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), when he used to return back after offering Eid Salaah to his home, he used to return back in the way different from the way he had gone.
That means the route of the Prophet going from the house to the Musallah was different and the route of coming back was different and this was may be because he wanted to give Salaam to the different people, you know, both the ways and may be the blessing would be 2 different types of people and there are various reasons why they did that.
Furthermore its very important that Eid Salaah should be prayed on the Musallah as I mentioned earlier gathering is bigger, psychologically its better and we can, you know, show the God consciousness of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala).
Further it’s the Sunnah that we should go early to the Musallah, the earlier the better, you know, so that we can be in time; we hasten to do our good deed.
It’s also mentioned in the Hadith of Tirmidhi (Book of Two Eids) Hadith no. 530, that the
“Prophet (peace be upon him) he used to go on foot when he used to go to the Musallah”
For offering Eid Salaah, he used to go on foot so it is a Sunnah to go walking to offer your Eid Salaah and it’s mentioned in the Hadith of
Silsilah Al Sahihah (Vol. no. 1) Hadith no. 171 that Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam),
“he used to recite the Takbeer immediately after leaving home till the time he reached the Musallah, till the time he finished his Salaah, he used to say the Takbeer”
And the most authentic Talbiya is what Ibn Masood had recited its mentioned in Daar Al Qatni and (Musannaf) Ibn (Abi) Shaiba (Vol. no. 1 Hadith no. 5650), he used to recite
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ila ha ill Allah Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Waillahil Hamd”
He used to recite “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ila ha ill Allah Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar Waillahil Hamd”
Meaning Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is no one worthy of worship besides Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala). Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. All praise are due to Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala).
This is the Tarbiyah and it should be recited the moment you leave the home till the time you reach the Salaat, till the Salaah used to end this Takbiyah used to be recited by Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam).
So these are the few recommended acts that should be done during the Eid Day.
Yusuf Chambers: Well JazakAllah Khair for your answer, Dr. Zakir. How far, just how far can a person go when he is celebrating Eid… I mean are they permitted sing and make amusement amongst themselves?
Dr. Zakir: As far as singing and amusement is concerned as long as it is within the boundary of Islamic Shariah, it’s not overdoing oneself and it should not go to a thing which is wrong, its permissible. Within limits, within boundaries, its permissible and there are Hadith speaking about that, there is a Hadith of
Sunan Nasai in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 1557 where Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that
“The people of Madinah in the Jahiliyah, they had 2 days of play and amusement of sports and amusement, Allah has replaced it with 2 days of amusement that’s the day of breaking of the fast and the day of sacrificing”
Talking about the 2 Eidain. As far as singing is concerned there is a Hadith in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 9150 that
Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), she narrates that it was the Eid day and the Negros, they were playing and performing with their spears and their shields so she asked Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) or Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) asks her that “do you want to see?” so she replies ion the affirmative and then she sees them, the Nigros performing from behind the Prophet and her cheek was touching the cheek of the Prophet and then Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) says “O Bani Arfida” talking to the Negros that common continue and then she narrates, Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) I got tired and the Prophet asks “are you satisfied?” she says in the affirmative “yes” and then he asks her to go.
That means people did perform, the Negros were performing with the shield, with the sphere so on Eid Day it used to happen.
There’s another Hadith mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 952 that
“During the Eid day 2 young Ansari girls, they were singing from stories of the Ansar when Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), he enters and he says that “singing in the house of the Prophet!” and he scolds them then Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) says and he tells him that “let it be, its the Day of Eid, let them continue”
Same Hadith is repeated, both the Hadith is joined together, it is repeated in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 4 in the Book of Jihaad Hadith no. 2906 about the same incidence.
So as long as it’s within the limits, but natural, the instruments should not be haraam instruments. Its mentioned in the other Hadith that musical instruments are haraam except if its Duff, Duff which is permitted that doesn’t man you can have string instruments, flute etc. as we discussed earlier all these instruments are Haraam in Islam.. within the purview of Islamic Shariah, if its done but natural the singing should not be glorifying someone and making him lead to Shirk as some of the songs have, it should be within the purview of the Islamic Shariah, some Islamic songs then no problem.
Furthermore it’s mentioned in
Sahih Muslim Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 2539 and 2540 that Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that
“These are the days of Tashreek, you know after Eid-ul-Adha, after the Eid of sacrifice the three days that are there these are the days of Tashreek so eat and drink”
So enjoying yourself, singing, amusement as long as is within the limits and the person does not go overboard, it’s permissible.
Yusuf Chambers: Well Jazak Allah Khair for your answer, Dr. Zakir. And I’d just like to ask yo another question right now. What are the common errors committed by Muslims whilst they are celebrating Eid?
Dr. Zakir: There are some errors which are committed by many Muslims. Some due to lack of knowledge, some due to ignorance for example there are many Muslims who think that if they pray in the night during Eid, if they pray the Salaah then the day even hearts die. This is actually a Hadith which some people think it is Sahih but its not so that the Prophet said that if you pray in the night of the Eid your heart will not die the day when hearts die.
If you see, it has got 2 Isnads. One of them is very weak i.e. Dhaif Jiddan and the other is Dhaif. So it’s totally wrong for anyone to pray during the night of the Eid thinking he’ll get Sawaab to single out that night only for praying is not allowed unless a person is habituated for praying in the night then he prays its no problem but to single out the Eid night only for prayer, it is wrong.
Furthermore there are some Muslims who visit graves during Eid thinking it is good during Eid day. See visiting graves according to the Hadith of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), it reminds of your Aakhira but to single out one particular day and visit the graves during that day is not recommended. There is no Hadith which shows us that the Sahabas of Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) visited the graves during Eid. To single out during Eid day to visit the grave, its not there in the Sunnah of the Prophet’s.
And furthermore some people they miss the Jamaah which is very wrong and they miss the Salaah during Eid day which is totally wrong as our Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said,
Hadith of Tirmidhi Book of Faith Hadith no. 2621, where Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that
“The covering between us and you is prayer. And anyone who forsakes it is a Kaafir”
So Salaah is very important, offering in Jamaah is very important.
Furthermore the mistake the people make normally is that there is too much of intermingling of the sexes, men and women. Even when they go for Salaah, they don’t take care and we find men and women chatting with each other, they adorn themselves, the women which is not right, intermingling should be prevented and for the places where Eids are offered, the Eidga or if its in a Mosqe then it should be seen to it that there are separate entrances for men and women, equal but separate facility so that this intermingling is avoided.
Furthermore there are some women who adorn themselves, who put perfume, who don’t do Hijaab. Now this should be avoided. When they come in front of a Na-Mehram, they should be in Hijaab, they should be properly covered, they should not wear perfume, they should not adorn, they should not attract opposite sex, the Na-Mehram. If they do it for their husbands alone, it’s good Alhamdulillah. If they do it amongst the women only, no problem but for the na-mehram, it’s not allowed.
It’s mentioned in the Hadith of
Sunan Nasai (Book of Zeenah) Hadith no. 5129, where the beloved Prophet said that
“Any woman who wears perfume and passes so that people may smell her perfume, if she wears a perfume and people smell her perfume its as good as she is an adulteresses.”
So these things should be avoided.
Further some of the Muslims women, Eid day comes they watch movies, they hear songs, they sing, they dance, they play musical instruments and all these things are nothing but ‘Khutuwa to Shaitaan’ you know watching unislamic movies, listening to unislamic songs etc. as our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 7 in the Book of Drinks Hadith no. 5590, the Prophet said that
“There will be a time when there will be some people from my Ummah who will say that illegal sexual intercourse, drinking intoxicants, wearing silk and playing of musical instruments are Halaal, is legal”
So you have to be careful that you should not be amongst these people and one more point to be noted is that many of the muslims, they are happy that Ramadhaan is over that “O now we don’t have to fast”, you know, as though fasting was a burden. So they are happy because they don’t have to fast. Rather they should be happy that Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) made them complete the month of Ramadhaan, made them fast, that should be right because fasting is worship, they should be happy for that that they were able to complete and be happy that it was something burden which they finished. So these things Muslims should avoid.
Yusuf Chambers: Final question today Dr. Zakir related to where Muslims should pray the Eid prayer. Is it compulsory for them to pray it at the Eidga or are they allowed to pray it in the mosques too?
Dr. Zakir: As far as the Sunnah of the Prophet is concerned, Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), he always commanded that as far as the Eid Salaah is concerned of both the Eids, its should be offered in the Musallah, it should be offered in the Eidga. ‘Eidga’ is the word used in India, Pakistan, the Arabic word is Musallah, its mainly an open ground so that more people can gather so of one town or one city, they should be as least gathering as possible and bigger gathering, so it should be one Musallah means one place where a person prays for the full town, that’s preferable or as least number of places maximum number of gathering.
It’s mentioned in the Hadith of Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Two Eids Hadith no. 956, it says
“The Prophet during the Eid day, he went and prayed in the Musallah”
And there are various Hadith which we discussed earlier that in
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 1 (Book of Menses) Hadith no. 324, the Prophet commanded the women, the children and the menstruating women to go to pray in the Eidga.
According to the Aimmahs, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik and Imam Ahmad Ibn Humbal (may Allah have mercy on them all), all of them said that going to the Eidga is a requirement, it’s a must unless there is a necessity except for Imam Shafai (may Allah have mercy on him), Imam Shafai, he said that if the Mosque is big to accommodate all the people then you can pray in the Mosque but even he said if the mosque is not big to accommodate all the people preferable is a Musallah i.e. the Eidga.
So the referable thing is Eidga and the Prophet for the Eid Salaah even though the general ruling according to
Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Priority of Praying in the Masjid-e-Harmain, Makkah and Madinah Hadith no. 1190, the Prophet said that
“Praying in my Mosque, Masjid-e-Nabvi is a thousand times better than praying in any other Mosque except Masjid-e-Haram in Makkah”
In spite of this, he preferred Eidga that shows the superiority during Eid Salaah only.
And unfortunately nowadays most part of the world hardly we find, there are people whop pray in grounds but very few what you should have is one place. Can’t we hire one big park for the Eid Salaah and all pray together or hire 2 parks in the full city and gather all the Muslims together, unfortunately we don’t have that. Even in Bombay there are very few places where they offer in big grounds but majority are in the mosques so preferable it should be in a ground as less number of places to pray and bigger the gathering it should be unless there is a requirement where there is a Hadith in
Mustadrak Al Hakim in the Book of Salaatul Eidain Hadith no. 1094
“One day during Eid because it was raining the Prophet prayed in the Mosque”
So if there is a reason like raining, snowing etc. then you ray in the Mosque, its fine otherwise its preferable to pray in the Eidga.
Yusuf Chambers: So Dr. Zakir, Jazak Allah Khair once again for your useful answers on the topic of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr’. I pray that Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) gives you a good Eid and accept your Ramadhaan.
Dr. Zakir: Aameen.
Yusuf Chambers: As all the Muslims…
Dr. Zakir: Takkabal Allahu min wa Minakum, May Allah accept it from us and you.
Yusuf Chambers: Aameeen, InshaAllah. Ajmaeen InshaAllah. And that of course we have almost come to the end of our scheduled shows on ‘Ramadhaan – A Date with Dr. Zakir’ as well. So this is almost a small Eid for us.. ha.. in itself but may Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) accept your Eid and all your righteous deeds and all…
Dr. Zakir: Aameen.
Yusuf Chambers: Good answers that you have given us today. JazakAllah Khair.
Dear Brothers and sisters in Islam and humanity do join us again tomorrow at the same time when we will be discussing ‘Voluntary Fasts and Prohibited Fasts’. JazakAllah Khair for watching.
Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.