Ramadhaan – A Date with Dr. Zakir

 

Episode 29

 

Zakaat ul Fitr

[Part 1]

 

(Duration – 43 minutes)

 

 

Yusuf Chambers: Dear Brothers and sisters in Islam and Humanity, Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh. May the peace, the mercy and the blessings of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) be on all of you. Welcome to the show ‘Ramadhaan - A Date with Dr. Zakir.’ I am your host, Yusuf Chambers, and today we will be discussing the topic ‘Zakaat ul Fitr - Part 1’. Dr. Zakir, Assalamu Alaikum!

 

Dr. Zakir: Walaikum Assalam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Dr. Zakir, what is the meaning of Zakaat-ul-Fitra and what are its rulings in Islamic Shariah?

 

Dr. Zakir: Alhamdulillah was salaatu was salaam ala rasoolillah wa ala aalihi wa ashaabihi wa ajma’een. Amaa Ba’ad

 

A’uzu billahi minash shaytan nir-rajeem,

Bismillah hirrahman nirraheem, 

 

Rabbish rahli Şadri Wa Yassir Li 'Amri Wa Ahlul `Uqdatan Min Lisani Yafqahu Qawli  

 

As far as the meaning of the word Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned, Zakaat as we discussed earlier means to purify, it means to clean and Fitra means the breaking of the fast. So Zakaat-ul-Fitra means purifying charity for the breaking of the fast. 

 

And it is an amount of food given to the very poor Muslims or the needy Muslims, it is a fixed amount of food given to the very poor or the needy Muslims and as far as its rulings is concerned, it is obligatory on the Muslims, its Fard. 

 

And it’s mentioned in Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1503, the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

“He has enjoined on every Muslim to give one Saa of dates or barley as Zakaat-ul-Fitr….On every Muslim, slave or free, male or female, young or old”

 

So its Fard for every Muslim, male or female young or old, slave or free. 

 

And it’s also mentioned in the Hadith of Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1618, 

 

“The beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) made Zakaat obligatory for every Muslim” 

 

There are very few number of scholars, very small number, hardly any who say that it was Fard before it’s no longer Fard today based on the Hadith of 

 

Sunan Nasai Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 2509 where 

 

“Kais Ibn Saad Ibn Ubadah, he says that Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) made Zakaat-ul-Fitr obligatory before Zakaat was made obligatory and after Zakaat was made obligatory, he did not command us nor forbade us to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr but we yet practiced it.”

 

So based on this Hadith, a very small number of scholars say that after Zakaat became obligatory on the Muslims, Zakaat-ul-Fitr is optional, its not Fard but this Hadith nowhere does it say that its not Fard. It’s only the saying of one of the Sahaba that Zakaat-ul-Fitra was made Fard before Zakaat; it doesn’t say that after that it was prohibited. The Prophet didn’t repeat the commandment and whenever any act of worship has been made Fard and another act of worship comes which may be more in quantity that does not mean that the previous act of worship has to be stopped unless there is evidence. So based on this most of the scholars agree that Zakaat-ul-Fitr is Fard for everyone and the reason for both is different, InshaAllah, which I will discuss later. So the right ruling is that it is Fard on every Muslim. 

 

Yusuf Chambers: JazakAllah Khair Doctor. And now I would like to ask you what exactly is the wisdom behind Zakaat-ul-Fitra?

 

Dr. Zakir: Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in 

 

Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1605, the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

 

“It is obligatory on every Muslim, it is Fard on every Muslim to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr i.e. Sadqa, charity for the breaking of the fast for the purification of the breaking of the fast from empty and obscene talks and for feeding the poor. And Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be given before the Salaah of Eid-ul-Fitr it is Zakaat-ul-Fitr, if it’s given after the Salaah of Eid-ul-Fitr then it is normal Sadqa.”

 

Based on the Hadith we come to know, the main reason, the main wisdom for the giving of Zakaat-ul-Fitr is so that the very poor Muslims, they have food to eat on the main day of the year i.e. the festival, the Eid-ul-Fitr is the main festival for the Muslims throughout the year and because of that every Muslim at least should have sufficient food to eat. So it is mainly for the very poor people, the wisdom is that they enjoy that day and they are not to bother about eating etc. it should be given by the rich people 

 

No. 2 it is given for the purification of our fast, the mistake that we do, the empty talks, the obscene talks, the false talks, it purifies and cleanses the mistake that we have done in the fast

 

Thirdly it is to thank Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) that He has given us the ability and made us fast the complete month of Ramadhaan

 

And lastly it acts as a purification for the minor sins that we might have committed while fasting in the month of Ramadhaan because minor sins, they decrease our reward. So when we give Zakaat-ul-Fitr, it cleanses the minor sins so that it prevents taking away the reward that we have earned in the month of Ramadhaan.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Obviously Zakaat-ul-Fitr is another example of how wonderfully balanced Islam is, Alhamdulillah. Ah.. Dr. Zakir could you also tell me is Zakaat-ul-Fitra an obligation upon only those Muslims who have top pay the Zakaah or is it an obligation on all the Muslims?

 

Dr. Zakir: Many of the Muslims, they think that Zakaat-ul-Fitr is only an obligation on those Muslims who have to pay Zakaat, this is a misconception. Zakaat is only Fard on those Muslims who have a saving above the Nisaab level as we discussed earlier but Zakaat-ul-Fitr is an obligation on every Muslim unless he is very poor and he does not have the provision. Otherwise its obligation on every Muslim. And our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1503, the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that

 

“Give one Saa of dates or barley as Zakaat-ul-Fitr for every Muslim, slave or free, male or female, young or old”

 

That means every Muslim whether he is free or a slave, whether he is young or he is old whether he is male or a female, they have to give Zakaat.

 

Zakaat-ul-Fitr is an obligation on every Muslim living but its not required that a person you has to give Zakaat for a person who is in the womb of the mother or fetus though there are authentic Hadith saying that Hazrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), he had given Zakaat on a child which was not born who was a fetus but that is optional. But Zakaat should be given on every Muslim who is living.

 

And further it is mentioned by our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), its mentioned in 

 

Sunan Al Baihaqi Vol. no. 4 Book of Zakaat (ul-Fitr) Hadith no. 7683 that beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

 

“Give Zakaat-ul-Fitr on the people who are under your custody whether young or old whether slave or free.”

 

That means a person who is head of the family, he gives Zakaat-ul-Fitr for everyone who is under his custody whether it be the children, whether it be the wives if there are elderly people like the father who is also under the custody, he is looking after the father so he should give Zakaat on the father and the mother. He should give Zakaat on the people under his custody whether they are free or whether they are slave so if he has slaves, he has to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr even for the slave. 

 

So for all the people who are under the custody of the person, its his duty that he should give Zakaat-ul-Fitr for those people so its obligatory on every living Muslim unless the person is very poor or he is very needy like the person who doesn’t have any provision, the stipulate amount for giving Zakaat-ul-Fitr, if he has less than that amount then he cannot give Zakaat but natural. 

 

As Allah says in the Quran in Surah Baqarah ch. no. 2 verse no. 286 that 

 

“Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) does not lay on anyone a burden greater than he can bear.”

 

It’s further mentioned in Surah Taghaabun ch. no. 64 verse no. 16 

 

“So fear Allah as much as you can.”

 

So if a person doesn’t have the stipulated amount, if he has half the amount that is required to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr, he can give even half the amount but if he doesn’t have then it is not obligatory on him otherwise it is obligatory on all the other living Muslims. 

 

The beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in 

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 9 (Book of Holding Fast to Qur’an & Sunnah) Hadith no. 7288, the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

 

“Whenever I command you something, do it as much as you can, do it to the best of your ability.”

 

There is a Hadith which is mentioned in Sahih Muslim Vol. no. 2 Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 2147 where the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), he said that 

 

“There is no Sadaqa for a slave except for Zakaat-ul-Fitr”

 

There is no charity for a slave except for Zakaat-ul-Fitr. So there are some scholars who say that even if the slave that we have is a non-Muslim you should even give Zakaat-ul-Fitr for him which is not the right ruling. Where the majority of the scholars say it is wrong because if you take it in context because the Hadith clearly mentions. Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in 

 

Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 2 Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1605, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

“Give Zakaat-ul-Fitr for the purification of your fast from empty talks and obscene talks and give it to the poor Muslims.”

 

So based on this we come to know that a person should fast, you should be a Muslim so non-muslims slaves if you have who does not fast so where is the question of giving Zakaat-ul-Fitr for him. So but natural, it includes that it means only for the slaves who are Muslims, this is the right ruling that we have to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr for the slaves which are Muslims which we have. 

 

Yusuf Chambers: JazakAllah Khair for the answer, Dr. Zakir. The next question that I’d like to pose you now is what exactly should be given by way of Zakaat-ul-Fitra and as a second part of the question, is money allowed to be given? 

 

Dr. Zakir: As far as giving of Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned, it should be given in the form of food, it can be dates, it can be barley, it can be wheat, it can be rice, it can be raisin, it can be oats, it can be any staple food, whatever the staple food of that country, of that city, if its wheat, give wheat, if its rice, give rice, if its date, give date and it is unanimously agreed that it should be in the form of food and it can be preferable in the form of any grain like wheat, rice etc. and our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in 

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1503, narrated Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), he said that 

 

“Allah’s messenger has enjoined to give one Saa of dates or one Saa of barley as Zakaat-ul-Fitr for every Muslim, slave or free, male or female, young or old and it should be given before the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah.”

 

There is another Hadith mentioned in Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1510 narrated Abu Syed Al Khudri that 

 

“At the time of Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) we used to give one Saa of food as Zakaat-ul-Fitr and our food used to be barley, it used to be raisin, cottage cheese and dates so all these things are mentioned in the Hadith.”

 

It’s mentioned in a Sahih Hadith of Ibn Khuzaimah Hadith no. 2417, 

 

“Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) he said the Sadqa of Ramadhaan i.e. Zakaat-ul-Fitr is 1 Saa if someone gives wheat then it should be accepted, if someone gives dates, it should be accepted, if someone gives raisin, it should be accepted”

 

So these are the various types mentioned in the Hadith but in short it’s understood that it should be food preferably in the form of grain.

 

And as far as the question is concerned that can we give something else like money etc., it’s a unanimous agreement that it should be food, you can’t give anything else, you can’t give money, you cannot give any clothes to the poor man or some furniture, if you want to give as normal charity, you can give anything but as far as Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned, it should be given in the form of food and its clearly mentioned in the Hadith, in the Hadith which I quoted that it should be given before the Eid prayer, the reason is that the poor man has at least something to eat that day. If you give him money he may keep it for some other time etc. so it should be in the form of food so at least his stomach is full and he doesn’t have to bother about eating that day of festival. So it’s a unanimous agreement that it should be given in the form of food, you can give the equivalent amount of money to a responsible person or any charitable organization who says that okay with this money we’ll buy the amount of food and give it to the very poor man or the needy man but finally hen it reaches the recipient it should be in the form of food. 

 

I know that there are some people who say that you can give in the form of money to the poor man but there’s no Hadith at all whatsoever so giving your own opinion based on no Hadith and no backing from Quran and Sunnah, it’s not allowed and as it’s mentioned in 

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 3 (Book of Reconciliation) Hadith no. 2697, Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), she said that 

 

“Anyone who innovates something in the Deen, in the religion, it has to be rejected.”  

 

And it’s mentioned in Sahih Muslim Vol. no. 3 (Book of Aqdiyyah) Hadith no. 4267 that the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

 

“Anyone who brings something new in the religion of Islam, it has to be rejected.”

 

So getting anything new, innovation it’s not allowed at all. Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be given in the form of food as mentioned in the Hadith it cannot be given in the form of money or anything else. As normal charity it can be given but Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be given in the form of food.

 

Some people argue saying that at the time of the Prophet there was no currency, there was no paper money, you know, that’s why Zakaat wasn’t given in the form of money but today we can give, they fail to realize that at the time of the Prophet and at the time of the Sahabas there were Dirhams, there were Dinaar, there were, it wasn’t in the form of paper currency we have but there was money where people use to use in the form of Dirham and Dinaar so to use this argument is totally wrong. So the right thing is that it should only be given in the form of food and nothing else.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Alright, Dr. Zakir next question regarding Zakaat-ul-Fitra today is, what is the specified amount which should be given according to the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam)?

 

Dr. Zakir: As far as the quantity and the requirement of Zakaat-ul-Fitr is, it is 1 Saa of food generally as the Hadith of 

 

Ibn Khuzaimah (Book of Zakaat) Hadith no. 2417 that Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), he said that 

 

“The Sadaqa for Ramadhaan i.e. Zakaat-ul-Fitr is one Saa”

 

And it’s repeated in Sahih Al Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1510 that 

 

“Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) at his time Zakaat-ul-Fitra was one Saa of food”

 

It’s again mentioned in Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1503

 

Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) he says that 

 

“Allah’s messenger enjoined one Saa of date or one Saa of barley as Zakaat-ul-Fitr.”

 

So all these Hadith say you have to give one Saa of food whether it be date, barley, raisin, oat etc. there is one exception except for wheat, its mentioned in the Hadith of 

 

Musnad Ahmad (Vol. no. 5) Hadith no. 23775, the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said 

 

“Give one Saa of wheat or wheat grain for two people and give one Saa of date or one Saa of Barley for one person as Zakaat-ul-Fitr” 

 

So based on this Hadith normal quantity is one Saa of date, raisin, oat, cottage cheese etc. etc. but for wheat it is half Saa per person, one Saa for two people so half Saa for one person. And the scholars say the reasons may be that may be at that time the wheat was rare, more difficult to get etc. and its further mentioned in that Hadith of 

 

Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 2 (Book of Buya) Hadith no. 3334 where the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

 

“The weight should be as per the weight of Makkah and the measure should be as per the measure of Madinah”

 

Because one Saa in different localities it differed.

 

So the Prophet made it very specific that the weight should as per the weight of Makkah and the measure should as per measure of Madinah. So as far as one Saa what was there in Madinah, we should follow. One Saa at the time of Madinah during the Prophet was equivalent to 4 handfuls, when both the hands are put together, so 4 times that handful is equal to one Saa. So that is the right measure and in terms the scholars said it is approximately 3 Kilos, approximately. So Sadaqa is 3 kilos of rice of barley or oat or raisin or dates and 1½ Kilo of wheat.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Okay, JazakAllah Khair once again for the answer Dr. Zakir. So Dr. Zakir next question is what is the correct time to give your Zakaat-ul-Fitra?

 

Dr. Zakir: Zakaat-ul-Fitr is mandatory for anyone who lives after the sunset, after the month of Ramadhaan ends. That means if a person dies few seconds after the sunset after the month of Ramadhaan ends that means the 1st day of Shawwaal, that’s eve of Eid-ul-Fitr, it becomes mandatory that his heir should give Zakaat-ul-Fitr but if a person dies few seconds before sunset of the last day of Ramadhaan before the Eid of Eid-ul-Fitr then Zakaat is not mandatory on the heirs.

 

Similarly if a person is born, a new born child is born before sunset on the last day of Ramadhaan before the eve of Eid-ul-Fitr then it’s mandatory that Zakaat should be given on that new born also. But if he is born a few seconds after sunset he has not lived for even a second of the month of Ramadhaan he is born after the sunset in the month of Ramadhaan then Zakaat-ul-Fitr is not Fard on him. 

 

The best time to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr is in the morning before the Eid Salaah on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr but it can be given even on the eve of Eid, it can be given a couple of days in the last days of Ramadhaan based on the Hadith but the Prophet was very clear, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in 

 

Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1605, the Prophet said that 

 

“If Zakaat-ul-Fitr is given before the Eid Salaah of Eid-ul-Fitr is counted as Zakaat if it’s given after the Salaah of Eid-ul-Fitr, it is counted as normal charity”

 

So it is very clear that Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be given for the the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah. 

 

Its further mentioned in the Hadith of 

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1503 the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

 

“Give one Saa of date or one Saa of barley as Zakaat-ul-Fitr for every Muslim free or slave, young or old, male or female and it should be given before the people go for the Eid Saalaah.”

 

That means it should reach the people who are required, it should reach, the recipient should reach it before they go out for the Eid Salaah. 

 

The same message is repeated in Sahih Muslim Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 2159, the beloved Prophet said that 

 

“Give Zakaat-ul-Fitr to the people before they go for the Eid Salaah.” 

So the right ruling is that it should be given before the Eid Salaah on the Eid-ul-Fitr day in the morning or he can even give in on the Eid eve but there are other Hadith which say that it can be given in the last couple of days of Ramadhaan. 

 

It’s mentioned in Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1511, it says that 

 

“People gave Zakaat-ul-Fitr 1 or 2 days before Eid” 

 

and its also mentioned in a Sahih Hadith of Ibn Khuzaima that one person asked that 

 

“When did Ibn Umar give Zakaat-ul-Fitr?” So the person replied “After the tax collector had collected.” So he asked “When did the tax collector collect?” So he replied that “One or two days before Eid.” 

 

So based on this the right ruling is it should be given before the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah either in the morning before they go for Salaah, that’s the best or on the Eve of Eid-ul-Fitr or 1, 2 or 3 days before Eid, that’s the ruling.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Whom should it be given to? This is the next logical question.

 

Dr. Zakir: Many people have a misconception that Zakaat-ul-Fitr can be given to the same people as Zakaat can be given. As far as the category of those people who can receive Zakaat we discussed earlier, a few days back there are 8 categories mentioned who can receive Zakaat in Surah Tawbah Ch. no. 9 verse no. 60 but many people have a misconception that same people can be given Zakaat-ul-Fitr which is totally wrong. Zakaat-ul-Fitr can only be given to a person who is very poor or who is Miskeen and who doesn’t have the provision, who doesn’t have food etc. So its not the same category in fact it is much more limited as compared to the categories of Zakaat as it is clearly mentioned in the Hadith of 

 

Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 2 in the Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1605, the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) he said that 

 

“Give Zakaat-ul-Fitr for the purification of the fast from empty talks and obscene talks to feed the poor people and it should be given before the Eid Salaah. If you give before the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah it is called as Zakaat, if it will be given after the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah, its called as Sadaqah.”

 

So based on this Hadith we come to know that it should be given only to very poor people, Miskeen people, who don’t have enough food to eat you know so at least their day of Eid will be rest assured you go happy and that’s the reason he said it should be before the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah. As far as the normal Zakaat, it can be given anytime of the year. 

 

But there are occasions where you can give it to a trustworthy person who can give that food on behalf of somebody else. If it’s difficult for you to find such a person who is very poor and very needy, who doesn’t have food so you can give it to a trustworthy person or you can give to another organization or a person who collects. In this case it can be given earlier but it should be noted and seen to it that the person who gets this food, to be given to the poor people or gets some money from which food is purchased and given to these people, the recipient should receive it only in the kind of food and should receive before the Eid Salaah, preferably in the morning before they go for Eid Salaah or on the eve of Eid or a couple of days before Eid. Based on the Hadith of Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), its mentioned in 

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 3 in the Book of Representations Hadith no. 2311, 

 

“Abu Hurraira (may Allah be pleased with him), he says that: “The Messenger of Allah, Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), he had appointed me to collect the Zakaat-ul-Fitr”, the Sadaqa of Ramadhaan so he was a pointed for that”

 

So that means you can give it to someone on behalf so that he can deliver it to the people who really require it 

 

and it’s also mentioned in a Sahih Hadith of 

 

Ibn Khuzaima (Vol. no. 4 Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 2421) where 

 

A person asks that “When did Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to give the Zakaat-ul-Fitr?”, Sadaqa of Ramadhaan. So the reply was “After the collectors had finished collecting the amount.” “So when did the collector finish?” the reply was “one or two days before Eid.” 

That means it can be given to a collector or someone who has deputed to collect and then that person should see to it that it reaches the recipient at the right time before the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah and should receive in the form of food and nothing else. 

 

Yusuf Chambers: Dr. Zakir, last question today in the interview phase, could you explain the difference between Zakaah and Zakaat-ul-Fitra?

 

Dr. Zakir: As far as the between Zakaat and Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned 

 

No. 1 as we discussed earlier a few days back that Zakaat means to purify, to cleanse, to increase.

And Zakaat-ul-Fitr means a purifying charity for the breaking of fast specifically.

So the first is purification of your wealth and surplus amount etc. i.e. Zakaat, 

Zakaat-ul-Fitr is purification of the breaking of the fast means purification of the fast you have kept from the minor sins you have committed or the obscene talks or that empty talks, that’s number 1 

 

No. 2 that Zakaat is mainly given on the wealth, it’s meant for purifying your wealth, the surplus wealth if it is above the Nisaab level.

As far as Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned, it is meant for purification of your fast from empty talks, from obscene talks, all the minor sins that you might have done in the month of Ramadhaan while fasting so it purifies that.

 

No. 3 Zakaat should be given by every Muslim who has a surplus wealth above the Nisaab level and the Nisaab level for normal things whether gold, silver, wealth etc. is equivalent to 85 grams of gold and 595 grams of silver, if its cattle, we discussed earlier that sheep: more than 40 you have to give one sheep etc. etc. for the farm produce if without irrigation it is 10%, with irrigation 5% etc. so basically it should be given to those people who are Sahab-e-Nisaab, who have extra wealth, surplus wealth. 

 

As far as Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned every Muslim whether slave or free, young or old, man or woman should give Zakaat-ul-Fitr unless he is very poor or Miskeen or doesn’t have provision this is the third difference.

 

Fourth difference is that the recipient of Zakaat there are 8 categories as mentioned in Surah Tawbah Ch. 9 verse no. 60 Fuqara, the poor people, Masakeen, the needy, Aamiloon, those who are involved in collecting of Zakaat, Mu’allafatul Quloob, those whose hearts who are inclined towards Islam, no. 5 Riqaab, freeing of slaves, no. 6 is Gaarimoon, the debtors, no. 7 is Fee Sabilliah, in the way of Allah, and the eight is Ibn Sabeel, the wayfarer. These are the eight categories who can receive Zakaat 

 

As far as the recipient of Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned, it’s mentioned in the Hadith of 

 

Sunan Abu Dawud Vol. no. 2 Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1605, 

 

“It should be given to the poor people.”

 

So the recipient are only very poor and the Miskeen people who doesn’t have the provision of food. That is the fourth difference.

 

The fifth difference is that the time should be given, the Zakaat can be given anytime of the year though it has to be given when you have surplus wealth for one full year that is the time its due but it can be given at any time of the year, but people prefer the month of Ramadhaan, Ramadhaan being the blessed month, but it can be given at any time of the year. 

 

As far as Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned there is limited time, you should give it before the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah preferably before the poor people go to pray Salaah or maximum permission is eve of Eid-ul-Fitr or 1, 2 or 3 days before Eid, that’s it. So limited 3-4 days time where Zakaat-ul-Fitr can be given whereas Zakaat can be given throughout the year.

 

And the last difference is as far as Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned it should be given in the form of food that we mentioned rice, wheat, barley, raisin dates etc. but Zakaat can be given in any form, in the form of money, it can be gold, it can be silver, it can be animal so the equivalent amount can be in any form so these are the major 6 differences between Zakaat-ul-Fitr and Zakaat.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Well, Dr. Zakir Naik, thank you very much. JazakAllah Khair for your answers on the topic Zakaat-ul-Fitra, Alhamdulillah, I think we have covered most of the essential issues regarding the topic, don’t you? 

 

Dr. Zakir: Alhamdulillah.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Alhamdulillah. Shall we move on to the question & answer session?

 

Dr. Zakir: InshaAllah.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Viewers must be dying to know some of the answers that you gonna give today, InshaAllah, on the topic Zakaat-ul-Fitr. So without further to lets take the first question. Is it permissible for an Imam of a Mosque to collect the Zakaat-ul-Fitra and distribute to those who are entitled to it, even if that is a while later? Does it increase if there is inflation? That’s a very interesting question!

 

Dr. Zakir: As far as an Imam collecting Zakaat-ul-Fitr as I mentioned earlier that there are various Hadiths mentioned in that someone can collect Zakaat-ul-Fitr, its mentioned in 

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 3 in the Book of Representations Hadith no. 2311 that 

 

Abu Hurrarira (may Allah be pleased with him), he says that the Messenger of Allah Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam), he had appointed him to keep the Zakaat-ul-Fitr.

 

He had appointed one of the collectors and there are other Hadith in Sahih Hadith of Ibn Khuzaima which says that when a person asks that when did Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), “when did he used to give his Zakat-ul-Fitr?” So the person replies that after the collectors had finished. 

 

That means there were collectors at the time of the Prophet. So someone collecting on behalf of anyone else its permitted but you should see to it that the person collecting should be honest, like an Imam of the Mosque, Alhamdulillah, no problem or an organization, it can be given.

 

Regarding the question that can it be given later, that means a person who collects it, can he give later, No! the right ruling is the person who collects he can collect a few days earlier, that’s no problem but it should reach the recipient before the Eid Salaah of Eid-ul-Fitr is over, that’s very important and it should reach in the form of food. You can give money to the collector if you don’t have food or you can give food directly but the person collecting should see to it that if you give money it should buy of the amount of food required for the stipulated share of Zakaat-ul-Fitr and he should see to it, it reaches the recipient before the recipient goes for Eid Salaah is the best. That’s the best or on the eve, one day earlier.

 

As far as inflation is concerned, should the Zakaat-ul-Fitr increase? Zakaat-ul-Fitr is not in currency note, its in form of food so if inflation is there, the cost for you to buy the food will increase but one Saa will remain one Saa so what one Saa could purchase may be 20 years.. 100 years back, if it may be costing may be a couple of pounds or a few rupees, today it may have increased but once Saa of rice remains one Saa of rice or one Saa of barley, one Saa of date so that’s the reason it is the Hiqma of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) and His messenger they give it in kind and not in cash. If Zakaat-ul-Fitr was in cash then the problem of inflation would have come, same thing with Zakaat its in the form of gold, if you have surplus, more than 85 grams of gold, you cannot say surplus more than 100 pounds or a 1000 pounds or a 100 dollars or a thousand dollars or 100 rupees or a 100 rupees, its in form of kind. So if inflation is there the cost for buying that kind increases but the amount remains the same. So inflammation of one Saa of date or raisin or rice etc. 

 

Yusuf Chambers: Okay, JazakAllah Khair for the answer. Next question from one of the viewers, does the employer have to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitra on behalf of his workers and servants or should they pay it for themselves?

 

Dr. Zakir: Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said, its mentioned in a Sahih Hadith of 

 

Sunan Baihaqi Vol. no. 4 Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 7683 that the beloved Prophet said and he ordered that 

 

“Give Zakaat-ul-Fitr for the people who are under your custody whether young or old whether free or slave”

 

So all those who are under your custody you have to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitr. So a slave is under your custody but the people who are your workers, you are paying wages whether it be your servant whether it be your employ they aren’t fully under your custody, you are paying the, wages. If you are paying the wages if they are working in your factory, working in your shop, working in your house then you don’t have to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr on their behalf, they are entitled to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr for themselves or if they have a guardian they are entitled but the employer is not liable to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr on the employee. 

 

Slave is a different thing as compared to servants and people who are working for you in the factory etc. so you are not liable for those who are working under you as long as you are paying them wages.

 

Yusuf Chambers: Okay, that’s very good, its self-explanatory I think as well, Alhamdulillah. Next question if a person forgets to pay Zakaat-ul-Fitra and remembers after Eid gets over what should he do? 

 

Dr. Zakir: As far as Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned and as we mentioned earlier it should be given before the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah as the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said its mentioned in 

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol. no. 2 Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1503, the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihe wa sallam) said that 

 

“If it is given before Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah it is Zakaat if it is given after Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah, it is Sadaqa normal charity.”

 

So it should be given before the Eid Salaah, if a person does not give before Eid Salaah then he should ask for forgiveness, he should repent and immediately give it as soon as possible. 

 

But if someone forgets out of forgetfulness then InshaAllah, InshaAllah, Allah will forgive because Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) doesn’t hold a person responsible if he forgets or does something out of mistake like a person who drinks water forgetfully while he is fasting, Allah forgives him. 

 

So in this case if he forgets but natural unintentionally then Allah will forgive him but he should fulfill it as soon as possible, give that similar amount to a very poor person as soon as possible.

 

Yusuf Chambers: InshaAllah, JazakAllah Khair... Ahm.. next question is Zakaat-ul-Fitra to be paid in the place one stays or can it be deputed to somebody else to spend it another city?

 

Dr. Zakir: As far as Zakaat-ul-Fitr is concerned it should be spent in the place where you are staying, if you are staying in a particular place, it should be given to the people of that place even if you travel   somewhere else for example if you travel in the last few days of Ramadhaan and you make Eid in another country Zakaat-ul-Fitr should be given in that place where you spend the eve of the Eid. This is the right opinion though there are some scholars who say that if the people in your area are very well off and they don’t require then they can be given.. you can depute somebody else who gives it to another country where there are more poor people but the right ruling is that as far as possible it should be given in the place where you spent your eve of the Eid so that the people around you, they can celebrate Eid and they can be happy on the day of festival. 

 

Yusuf Chambers: InshaAllah! Well Dr. Zakir last question for you today, InshaAllah. Ah… question here says ‘I paid Zakaat-ul-Fitra more than a week before Eid is that valid’ he question is if it’s not then what should I do? 

 

Dr. Zakir: As far as giving Zakaat-ul-Fitr early is concerned all the scholars, all the schools of thought agree that they should be given before the Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah but how early can it be given, can it be given much earlier than that 1 week, 2 weeks, 1 month, here the opinions of different schools of thought differ as well as scholars. According to the Malaki and the Hambali schools of thought, they say that the earliest it can be given is 1 or 2 days before Eid based on the Hadith of 

 

Sahih Bukhari Vol.  no. 2 Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 1511 where 

 

“Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) he said that “people used to give Zakaat-ul-Fitr one or two days before Eid” 

 

And further if it’s a collector who is collecting it based on the hadith of 

Ibn Khuzaima (Vol. 4 Book of Zakaat Hadith no. 2421) when a person asked that when did Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to give Zakaat so the reply was that after the collector used to collect. When they used to collect? The reply is one or two days before.” 

 

So that means while collecting, you can collect it earlier and there is another Hadith, its mentioned in 

 

Muwatta Imam Malik Vol. 1 Hadith 630, it says that 

 

“Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) he used to send the Zakaat-ul-Fitr to the collectors two or three days before Eid.”

 

So it says if you are giving to a collector, you can give 1, 2 or 3 days maximum 3 days before the Eid according to the Hambali school of thought, Malaki school of thought based on this Hadith.

 

According to the Hanafis and the Shafis, they say that it can be given in any day during the month of Ramadhaan as long as he finishes the first day of Ramadhaan, Zakaat-ul-Fitr means purification of the breaking of the fast as long as you keep one fast after that it can be given any time and but natural the people who collect it can collect it and give it to the right time so based on this you can give anytime in the month of Ramadhaan.

 

There are some.. few scholars who say that it can be given anytime of the year but the opinion is not correct, its very weak but the right opinion is that if given personally, it should be given before the Eid Salaah, before the people go out for offering their Eid-ul-Fitr Salaah or can be given on the eve of Eid-ul-Fitr. If its given to a collector, it can be given 1, 2 or 3 days before the Eid, that’s the right ruling, if someone has given Zakaat-ul-Fitr one week before and if he has given directly to a poor person, its not accepted, he should give it again but if he gave it to a collector who will collect it and give it may be on the eve of Eid etc. then he need not give it again but if its given to a poor person directly one week before, he should give it again. This is the right ruling. 

 

Yusuf Chambers: Dr. Zakir, thank you very much and may Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) bless you for all your hard work and doing so much research on answering all the questions on the topic Zakaat-ul-Fitr today, you have answered the questions of all our viewers very nicely and ,may Allah reward them for watching the show, JazakAllah Khair.

 

Brothers and sisters, thank you very much for watching and as I’ve already said, may Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) bless you, bless Dr. Zakir, bless myself as well. SubhanAllah for being patient and watching this programme, Alhamdulillah. And I ask Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) to bless you by you giving your Zakaat-ul-Fitra this year in the holy month of Ramadhaan or just as its ending as we have learnt this is the ruling and I ask Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) to make it easy to the people who you give it to that they may feel the benefit of having food in this wonderful time, the Eid, Eid-ul-Fitr, Alhamdulillah. 

 

Brothers and sisters do join us again tomorrow at the same time when we will be discussing the topic Eid-ul-Fitr.

Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.